Pelvic Ultrasound

A pelvic ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the organs and structures in the lower belly (pelvis).  

A pelvic ultrasound looks at the bladder and:

The ovaries, uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes of a woman (female organs)

The prostate gland and seminal vesicles of a man (male organs)

Pelvic ultrasounds can be done two ways: transabdominal and transvaginal.


Transabdominal ultrasound:  A small hand held device called a transducer is passed back and forth over the over the lower belly.  Transabdominal ultrasound is commonly done in women to look for large uterine fibroids or other problems.

Transvaginal ultrasound:  The transducer is shaped to fit into a woman’s vagina.  A woman may have both a transabdominal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound to look at the whole pelvic area.


Preparation:  A full bladder is essential for this exam.  If the instructions are not followed another appointment will have to be made. You can eat regular meals. One hour prior to your exam, finish drinking 40 oz. or five glasses of water.  Do Not go to the washroom until after your exam.