Pelvic Ultrasound

A pelvic ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the organs and structures in the lower belly (pelvis).  

A pelvic ultrasound looks at the bladder and:

The ovaries, uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes of a woman (female organs)

The prostate gland and seminal vesicles of a man (male organs)

Pelvic ultrasounds can be done two ways: transabdominal and transvaginal.


Transabdominal ultrasound:  A small hand held device called a transducer is passed back and forth over the over the lower belly.  Transabdominal ultrasound is commonly done in women to look for large uterine fibroids or other problems.

Transvaginal ultrasound:  The transducer is shaped to fit into a woman’s vagina.  A woman may have both a transabdominal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound to look at the whole pelvic area.


Preparation:  A full bladder is essential for this exam.  If the instructions are not followed another appointment will have to be made.  You can eat regular meals one and a half hours before your appointment.  Drink 32 oz. or four large glasses of water.  Do Not go to the washroom until after your exam.